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>> this is bbc world news. funding for this presentation by the freeman foundation of new york, stowe, vermont, and honolulu. newman's own foundation. and union bank. >> union bank has put its global expertise to use for
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allied range of companies. what can we do for you? >> welcome. >> the headlines this hour. the united nations says that syria should be refused -- should be sent to the international criminal court. there is a decision to veto the new treaty, but the coalition is divided. >> can that is the first country to withdraw from the kyoto protocol. as u.s. soldiers go home from iraq, barack obama says that they are leaving with dignity and with their heads held high. >> it is 2:00 in the morning here in london. broadcasting around the world, welcome to newsday.
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>> hello, and welcome. the united nations human rights chief says that she believes more than 5000 people have been killed in syria in anti- government protests. more than 5000 have gone to other countries since the demonstrations began. >> based on the evidence and the widespread nature of the killings and the detention, and the torture, i felt that this constituted crimes against humanity. and i recommended these should be referred to the international criminal court. >> it was the most horrible weekend we have had in the security council.
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she has cataloged more than 5000 people killed, the situation is deteriorating with the military buildup, hundreds -- tens of thousands of the tensions, torture, abuse is across the system by the syrian regime. >> jonathan has been monitoring this situation from turkey, from where he sends this report. >> this is a country that is divided. between those who voted, and those who are still fighting. and then, there were those who chose to protest. these opponents mocked asaad's election by holding one of their own. here they protested in a more conventional way. almost everything is shut down here.
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the likelihood of any voting taking place is unlikely. these pictures are said to be from a contested city. 10 people are reported to have been killed there in the past 24 hours. a local election has little relevance here. but in government strongholds like damascus, people did come out to vote. the government says these are the first up in the reform program and it will bring more power to nearby legislations. they say asaad is the only person who can bring stability. the value of this exercise, if there is any, is impossible to judge. for the millions it turned against the president, reform is
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now an impossibility under his leadership. these protests have cost 5000 lives. but once the voting is over, the struggle for power will resume. >> tensions at the heart of the government have come to a head, after there was a decision -- there was a decision to block the new treaty. david cameron said he had gone to brussels -- genuinely seeking and agreements involving the other 27 states. he later spoke of his disagreement with mr. cameron. we have this report. >> david cameron must be counting down the days to the christmas break. his decision to veto the treaty has left him with a painful reminder of the tensions within his own coalition. >> the prime minister.
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>> he took his place in the house of commons. there were calls about the absence of the deputy prime minister. he called for extra safeguards, -- >> i wish those safeguards had been accepted. but frankly i have to tell the house that the choice was a treaty without pop -- proper safeguards or no treaty. the right answer was no treaty. >> he went home to argue that britain was still very much part of europe. >> it is possible to be a full committee and an influential member of the european union. but to stay out of places that do not protect our interests. >> he said the united kingdom have been dangerously isolated. >> we will rue the day that he left great britain alone,
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without allies or influence. this is bad for great britain. >> last time he appeared in the house of commons, he was a skeptic and his party had told him to show bulldog. . there is plenty more of that today. >> he has stood up for democracy, and he has stood up for the free market. he is to be wonderfully commended. >> as the prime minister was fielding questions from his friends and enemies alike, the fallout continues to cross the channel. and there was still shaking of heads with the decision to go alone. >> the united kingdom is not willing to join -- i regret this, as much for the sake of your, as far as the crisis is
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concerned. as for the sake of british citizens, -- >> the question is whether enough was done in brussels to save the the euro. the relationship may be -- may seem like a bit of a side show. >> canada is the first country to break ranks from the kyoto protocol. >> canada has formally withdrawn from the kyoto protocol on reducing greenhouse gases. the euro -- the international climate talks ended with no agreement -- over what to do with this expires next year. the finance minister said that staying in the treaty would be harmful for the economy. >> this originally covered
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country's generating less than 30% of the global missions, and now covers less than 13%. this number is only shrinking. it does not cover the united states and china, and therefore it cannot work. it is now clear that this is not the path forward for a global solution to climate change. if anything, this is an impediment. we believe a new agreement with legally binding commitments, will allow us to generate jobs and economic growth, represents the path forward. >> speaking to us from canada is david sawyer, the director of climate change and energy at the international institute of sustainable development. this is a non-partisan research organization. earlier, we spoke to the leader of the green party, and she said
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she was devastated by the decision of the government. what do you think of the announcement, that 24 hours after these talks -- >> this was not a surprise as the government has been signaling for some time that they were going to be pulling out of kyoto. but the timing is a surprise. they basically released this news on the day -- the opening day of the climate conference. and within hours, of the settlement -- the minister stepped off the plane, at 3:00, and within two hours, he held a press conference and made this announcement. >> the environment minister says that it will be harmful, and very costly to the country, at
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about 13 billion u.s. dollars. how do you think that they came up with this assessment? >> the way that this works is that canada has a target -- of - 6%, on an annual basis. we are up around 700 megatons, and you have to make this up over the five years. the penalty for non-compliance, if you were to go to the international market for these treaties, right now they are trading at about $10, and that is $8 billion right there. the sheer size of the intervention into the market, it would likely significantly increase the costs, of the international permits, and the
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$10 that they would receive would likely go through the roof. and that number -- >> mr. sawyer? do you think that canada will eventually go back to the negotiating table to discuss the reduction of greenhouse gas emissions? >> this does not mean that they have opted out of the reduction. they are making some modest progress, and they have said very clearly that they would be committing to this process, and they will be at the bargaining table to come up with a global deal, into the take on the binding reductions. >> and david sawyer was joining us from canada. thank you. moving on to up early -- other news, the troops are coming home but with their heads held high. this is what the message was
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from barack obama today, as he stood with the prime minister to mark the end of the military commitment in iraq after nine and a half years. on december 31 the last american troops will leave the country. we have more. >> al-malaki asked to come to arlington national cemetery, where thousands who died in iraq are buried. and for barack obama, a warning to the overbearing neighbor of iraq. >> we are partnering for regional security. other nations must not interfere in iraq. the sovereignty must be
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respected. >> america said he sought a normal relationship with iraq and the prime minister acknowledged the concerns. >> we will not allow others to interfere. >> barack obama has kept a promise, that the military involvement of america is at an end. about 6000 troops remain there. the embassy remains behind in baghdad. we should expect engagement that we don't hear about on intelligence and counter- terrorism. and there will be training programs, but otherwise the americans are leaving behind this fractured democracy. just a week ago, a vicious sectarian bombing -- killed scores of pilgrims. and much now rides on whatever
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tactical ability has been given to them by their american trainers. and as they begin a new chapter, it remains an object of strategic competition. america wants a democratic ally and iran wants a proxy to further their influence in the middle east. >> does the leadership have the will or the ability to prevent others from meddling in its affairs? and what does iran have in mind? this is a new game over their future and it starts now. bbc world news, washington. >> live from singapore and london, flying high in the war in afghanistan. we get a bird's-eye view of what
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it takes to keep up the fight. >> and find out why a new movie is causing tension between china and japan. the british prime minister urged reforms after bahrain cracks down on protesters earlier this year. she is looking to help reform the police and judiciary. >> a controversial visit by the king of the country that is suffering from violence. the king of bahrain is calling for advice for reforms, and david cameron has called on him to stop all abuses. he says it is time for real change. >> for a prime minister to be in
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power for 40 years -- the prime minister could be elected. that is what we are willing -- with the prime minister of the united kingdom. this is a tough issue. >> the protests and clashes with police continue. many protesters wanted and the marquee. but large parts of the population do not. the leader of the opposition party says he cannot live with the constitutional monarchy and is ready for dialogue with the king. he has told the bbc he plans to invite in personal advisers from all of the political parties, including the opposition. the government was hoping that the report would draw a line over the violence that has claimed 40 lives.
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but the political grievances remain. this is now deeply divided between the opposition and those who support the government. >> this is newsday. >> the headlines. the human rights chief of the united nations says that syria should go to the east -- go to the criminal court for the suppression of protesters. >> a robust defense of the decision -- to change the lisbon treaty. >> the philippine house of representatives has been impeached the chief justice, accusing him of -- he is facing a tribunal in the senate, which will decide if he will leave his post.
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we will stick to our correspondent -- and for the first time the head of the supreme court has been facing charges of this kind? >> absolutely. this is to bits of government against each other, with the judiciary. this has been a long time in coming. the former president -- the current president says that the supreme court, -- they seem to overturn that everything the government is wanting to do, and -- if it goes right back to before he took office. in the last week he was president -- -- but it into the supreme court and they never really expected him as the president of the supreme court. and basically when he took his
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vows to be president, he chose another judge instead, even though in history it has always been that of the supreme court who does this. there is no love lost and there is another escalation between these different sides of government. >> how much of a gamble is this? putting the executives against the judiciary? >> this is a large gamble. this is the first time that of the supreme court has been impeached. the president is very popular. a recent opinion poll says over 70% of people in the philippines support him. over half of the members of house of representatives voted for the impeachment. he does have a lot of support. but there is no precedent for this and we have to see what
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happens. it was hard enough getting thousands of troops into afghanistan, but it may be more difficult getting them out of the land-locked country. this is made even more difficult by the recent pakistan blockade, which will not be lifted for weeks. this air base has been used for years but is an option that will disappear in 2014 when the lease expires. >> a part of the u.s. war effort that most outsiders do not see. this is how the united states feels the fight, literally, by pumping fuel into fighter jets. >> this is incredible, these fighter jets are coming very close, --
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>> at any given moment, day or night, there is always a plane above -- an airplane above afghanistan. when they're finished they go back across the mountains to central asia. this is a stage of america's war effort -- it does not make the headlines but is crucial to the fight. not only fuel, but virtually every -- everything comes to the air base on the way in or out of afghanistan. >> this provides a location where proximity matters. the international efforts in afghanistan may be sourced more quickly at times and other locations around the world. >> but the new leader says that
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he will shut down the base in 2014. this could complicate the logistics of the plan from barack obama, with pakistan increasingly unreliable, the united states have been forcing other, central-asian leaders. this was hillary clinton on a recent trip to those pakistan, next to the man whose human rights record does not compare to colonel ghaddafi. the united states has lifted a ban on the aid to the government. >> why are they doing this? 2014 is approaching. the not only get troops for the military offensive, but they also did a lot of equipment out. they don't feel that they have
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all the routes to exit that they need. >> the priority of barack obama is to end the war and bring the soldiers home. but deals that he made along the way may have a lasting impact in this troubled region. bananking massacre is the focus of a new film. >> this stars christian bale. he insists that this is not chinese propaganda. it tells the story of the massacre in 1947, when tens of thousands were killed by the invading japanese army. china believes that japan has never properly apologized.
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>> this is a large-budget film about one of they -- the banking -- the nanking massacre where japanese soldiers killed or raped thousands of chinese citizens. this stars christian bale, who has played batman. this has been billed as the first chinese production with the western star. >> i did not realize that this had not happened before. i feel like a pioneer. i feel like an actor who wanted to work with them and i felt that this would be something of an adventure, which is what i was looking for. >> he plays ofa priest, trying to save schoolgirls and
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prostitutes. it has been seen as having anti- japanese messages, but the director says this will not stir up anger among japanese audiences. >> i hope that they will look into this story and the glorious parts of human nature. >> the nanking massacre is a major part of -- chinese history. >> you have been watching newsday from singapore. >> a reminder of the main stories. the united nations human rights chief says that syria -- >> headlines on the way next.
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♪ >> make sense of international news at >> funding was made possible by the freeman foundation of stowe vermont, honolulu. the newmans' own foundation and union bank. ♪ ♪ >> union bank has put its global
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financial strength to work for a wide range of companies, what can we do for you? >> bbc world
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BBC World News
PBS December 12, 2011 6:00pm-6:30pm PST

News/Business. International issues. New. (CC) (Stereo)

TOPIC FREQUENCY Afghanistan 5, United Nations 4, Syria 4, America 4, Kyoto 4, Iraq 4, United Kingdom 3, Barack Obama 3, United States 3, Britain 3, Canada 3, Pakistan 3, China 3, U.s. 3, Asaad 2, Cameron 2, Brussels 2, Honolulu 2, Us From Canada 2, Singapore 2
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